Technical nursing personnel hold a technical degree from a higher education institute. This means that a technical nurse has basic training to perform certain tasks of patient care such as hygiene, occupational therapy, accident prevention, and emergency care, but does not have the complete training that a professional nurse or nurse could have.
Technical nurses are trained to carry out some care for the elderly or sick, such as administering medication, healing wounds or applying bandages, daily cleaning of patients, taking blood pressure, nutritional advice, postural changes, the accompaniment of patients on medical outings and walks, support in recreational-training activities, etc. The important thing is that the tasks are specified in the contract to avoid any misunderstanding.
It is a routine activity that is performed to verify and record that the patient has stability in his regular functions, such as:
In case of alteration, they must be communicated to the supervisor, attending physician or relative in order to provide the corresponding care.
The nurse technician is responsible for administering the drugs orally, managing the nasogastric and bladder tubes, as well as placing creams, drops and simple wound healing.
The responsible family member will provide the necessary requirements for their administration. In case the patient is not prostrate, the nurse technician will prepare a care plan to support the patient’s rehabilitation professional, such as: respiratory exercises, body massages, lymphatic drainage, walks to the park, etc.
One of the key tasks of the technical nurse is to supervise the nutrition and food preparation of the patient in order to administer a balanced diet in liquid, fiber, protein, fat and carbohydrates according to the medical prescription.
Likewise, it must carry out a water balance to keep an eye on income and expenses, ensure the adequate elimination of liquid and solid waste through the digestive and urinary tracts, as well as their hygiene. In addition, you must have an informed record of the parameters.
The technical nurse will be vigilant of the integral hygienic care of the patient, serving as support to prevent falls. The nursing technique will maintain the basic hygiene care of the patient such as: brushing teeth, shower or sponge bath, nail care (if not diabetic), shaving if necessary, hair washing, keeping the skin clean and hydrated and free of injuries, prevention of bedsores also keep in order and monitoring the hygiene of the patient’s room and bathroom.
In order to prevent bedsores and injuries, the bedridden patient should be mobilized every two to three hours, according to his needs. Similarly, body massage should be provided to improve blood circulation, as well as basic respiratory therapies to avoid the accumulation of secretions.
One of the nurse’s inconspicuous tasks is to continue giving the patient humane and dignified treatment. The relationship must be professional and respectful, but with closeness, respect and warmth from all sides.
Furthermore, given the nature of the work, it must be carried out in person and any absence or delay must be notified in advance in order to generate a solution.
Finally, it is noteworthy that technical nurses are not obliged to carry out household chores in the patient’s home. They should only perform the duties related to their nearby space, such as making a bed, keeping order in the area where the patient is. Neither the washing or ironing of clothes, but the care of the hygiene implements of the patient.
In 12-hour or 24-hour shifts, the client agrees to provide food, without this implying a lower payment for the day. In addition, the client is obliged to provide the technical nurse with a suitable place to monitor his patient at night, inadequate conditions (an armchair, a comfortable chair and a coat for cold nights).